Teegarden's Star b Planet

Teegarden's Star b Planet: Size, Mass, Gravity, Surface Temperature, Oxygen, Habitable, Atmosphere, Distance, Facts

Teegarden's Star b Planet

In the cosmic dance of celestial bodies, Teegarden's Star b takes center stage as a super Earth exoplanet orbiting an M-type red dwarf star. Let's delve into the fascinating details of this intriguing exoplanet that beckons us from the distant realms of the cosmos.

A Super Earth in the Habitable Zone

Teegarden's Star b, also known as Teegarden b, made its debut in the astronomical spotlight with its discovery announced in 2019. Positioned within the habitable zone of Teegarden's Star, an M-type red dwarf located 12.5 light years away from our Solar System, this exoplanet stirred excitement with the highest Earth Similarity Index (ESI) initially.

However, recent updates in February 2024 revised the parameters, leading to a slightly lower ESI of 0.90. Despite this adjustment, Teegarden's Star b remains among the closest known potentially habitable exoplanets, sharing its cosmic neighborhood with Teegarden's Star c.

Teegardens Star b planet compared to earth

Teegarden's Star b Size Compared to Earth

Teegarden's Star b has a minimum mass of 1.05 Earth masses, but the exact size or radius is not explicitly provided. Therefore, we cannot offer a direct comparison of its size to Earth.

Teegarden's Star b Mass Compared to Earth in Percentage

Teegarden's Star b is roughly estimated to have a mass of about 1.05 times that of Earth. This means it is very close in mass to our planet, with a difference of approximately 5%.

This means Teegarden's Star b is approximately 5% more massive than Earth.

Teegarden's Star b Surface Gravity Compared to Earth

Teegarden's Star b, a potentially habitable exoplanet, is estimated to have a surface gravity similar to Earth's. This makes it a promising candidate for the presence of liquid water and potential habitability.

Surface Temperature of Teegarden's Star b

The surface temperature of Teegarden's Star b is 301(28°).

Does Teegarden's Star b Have Oxygen?

The information provided does not specify whether Teegarden's Star b has oxygen or not. Determining the composition of an exoplanet's atmosphere often requires direct observational data.

Teegardens Star b planet vs earth sunset

Is Teegarden's Star b Habitable?

Teegarden's Star b orbits within the habitable zone of Teegarden's Star, where its atmospheric composition could potentially allow for stable liquid water on the surface. This condition could be conducive to the development of life.

Teegarden's Star b Atmosphere Composition

The information provided does not specify the atmosphere composition of Teegarden's Star b.

Teegarden's Star b Distance from Earth in Light Years

Teegarden's Star b is located approximately 12.5 light years away from the Solar System.

10 Interesting Fun Facts About Teegarden's Star b

  1. Earth Similarity Index (ESI): Initially, Teegarden's Star b had the highest Earth Similarity Index (ESI) of any known exoplanet, making it a prominent candidate for Earth-like conditions.
  2. Updated ESI: A study in February 2024 updated the parameters of Teegarden's Star b, reducing its ESI to 0.90, no longer holding the record for the highest ESI.
  3. Exoplanet Characteristics: Teegarden's Star b has a minimum mass of 1.05 Earth masses and orbits its host star every 4.91 days.
  4. Discovery Method: Discovered through Doppler spectroscopy at the Calar Alto Observatory in June 2019, detecting radial velocity signals.
  5. Host Star Characteristics: Teegarden's Star, an M-type red dwarf, has about 9% of the mass of the Sun, emits most energy in the infrared spectrum, and is over 8 billion years old.
  6. Quiet Star: Due to its low temperature and luminosity, Teegarden's Star was only discovered in 2003, and it emits most of its energy in the infrared spectrum.
  7. Habitability Zone: Teegarden's Star b orbits within the habitable zone, indicating the potential for stable liquid water on its surface and the possibility of life.
  8. Habitability Factors: The planet has a 60% chance of having liquid water, but only a 3% chance of having an atmosphere, according to estimates.
  9. Distance from Earth: Located about 12.5 light-years away, Teegarden's Star b is one of the closest known potentially habitable exoplanets.
  10. Temperature Conditions: The surface temperature of Teegarden's Star b is 301 K (28 °C), which is within a range suitable for certain forms of life on Earth.

Teegardens Star b exoplanet

Host Star's Stellar Portrait

Teegarden's Star, the cosmic guardian of Teegarden's Star b, is a low-mass red dwarf boasting only 9 percent of the Sun's mass. With a temperature around 2,900 Kelvin, this ancient star emits most of its energy in the infrared spectrum. Discovered in 2003, Teegarden's Star stands as a testament to the challenges of spotting faint objects in the vastness of space.

A Symphony of Discovery

The unveiling of Teegarden's Star b was no ordinary feat. In July 2019, a team of over 150 scientists, led by Mathias Zechmeister, published a peer-reviewed article in Astronomy & Astrophysics. Employing Doppler spectroscopy, specifically the radial velocity method, the team detected the subtle effects of exoplanets on the star's radial velocity.

The CARMENES instrument, situated on the 3.5-meter telescope at Spain's Calar Alto Observatory, played a crucial role in this discovery. After three years of meticulous observation, two periodic radial velocity signals emerged, revealing Teegarden's Star b with an orbit of 4.91 days.

Physical Characteristics: Mass, Orbit, and Potential Habitability

Teegarden's Star b, the innermost known planet in its system, showcases an orbital period of merely 4.91 days. With a minimum mass of 1.05 Earth masses, astronomers speculate its rocky composition. The enticing possibility of liquid water on its surface is estimated at 60 percent, though the likelihood of an atmosphere is a mere 3 percent.

Physical Attributes and Habitability Odds

Teegarden's Star b, with a minimum mass exceeding 1.05 Earth masses, hints at a rocky composition. The tantalizing prospect of liquid water, estimated at 60 percent, adds to the allure of this celestial neighbor. However, the chance of possessing a substantial atmosphere is a mere 3 percent, emphasizing the delicate balance that determines the habitability of distant exoplanets.

Host Star Insights: Teegarden's Stellar Portrait

Teegarden's Star, a low-mass red dwarf, is a cosmic time capsule, existing for at least 8 billion years. With only 9 percent of the Sun's mass, this dim but enduring star emits most of its energy in the infrared spectrum. Its discovery in 2003 underscores the challenges of detecting such faint celestial objects.

The Symphony of Discovery Continues

The revelation of Teegarden's Star b emerged from a meticulous symphony of observation and analysis. Doppler spectroscopy, with its ability to detect radial velocity shifts in the host star, played a pivotal role. The CARMENES instrument, perched atop the 3.5-meter telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory, provided the necessary tools to unravel the cosmic melodies.

A Glimpse into the Orbital Dance

Teegarden's Star b, the innermost dancer in this planetary ballet, completes a mesmerizing orbit around its host star every 4.91 days. Positioned at a mere 0.0252 AU, its proximity adds an element of dynamism to its cosmic routine. The compact orbit and short orbital period contribute to the overall fascination surrounding this super Earth.

Teegardens Star b exoplanet atmosphere

Teegarden's Star b in the Cosmic Chronicles

Discovery Chronology

Teegarden's Star b officially entered the cosmic chronicles in June 2019, with its discovery announced by Mathias Zechmeister and a team of over 150 scientists. The monumental effort, supported by the CARMENES survey, marked a significant leap in our understanding of exoplanetary systems, especially those in close proximity to our Solar System.

Orbital Parameters Unveiled

The intricacies of Teegarden's Star b's orbit came to light with the determination of its semi-major axis (0.0252 AU) and orbital period (4.91 days). These fundamental parameters provide a roadmap for astronomers, guiding their observations and hypotheses about the planetary system.

Conclusion: A Cosmic Tapestry Unraveling

Teegarden's Star b invites us to contemplate the intricacies of our cosmic neighborhood. From its dance around Teegarden's Star to the potential for habitability, each piece of information adds to the cosmic tapestry we strive to unravel. As we continue to explore the mysteries of exoplanets, Teegarden's Star b stands as a testament to the wonders awaiting us in the vast expanses of the universe.

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