S5 0014 Plus 81 Black Hole: Size, Mass, Diameter, Radius, Location, Facts, Distance from Earth

S5 0014+81 Black Hole: Size, Mass, Diameter, Radius, Location, Facts, Distance from Earth

S5 0014 Plus 81 Black Hole

In the vast expanse of the cosmos, a celestial phenomenon captures the imagination of astronomers and stargazers alike – the enigmatic S5 0014+81 black hole. Nestled near the North Equatorial Pole in the constellation Cepheus, this distant, compact, hyperluminous quasar, or blazar, beckons us to explore its extraordinary characteristics, revealing secrets that transcend the boundaries of our understanding.

What is S5 0014+81 Black Hole

The S5 0014+81 Black Hole is a supermassive black hole located at the center of the quasar S5 0014+81, a highly luminous and energetic active galactic nucleus.

How Old is S5 0014+81 Black Hole

The exact age of the S5 0014+81 Black Hole is not precisely known, as its age estimation relies on properties of the surrounding galaxy. However, it is typically several billion years old.

How Big is S5 0014+81 Black Hole

The size of the S5 0014+81 Black Hole is characterized by its immense mass and gravitational influence.

S5 0014+81 Black Hole Size in Miles / Km

The exact size of the S5 0014+81 Black Hole is challenging to determine, as its characteristics are primarily described in terms of mass and gravitational effects rather than physical size.

S5 0014+81 Black Hole Solar Mass / Kg / Pounds

The S5 0014+81 Black Hole has a mass of approximately 40 billion solar masses, equivalent to approximately 7.92 × 10^40 kg or 1.75 × 10^41 pounds.

S5 0014+81 Black Hole Diameter in Miles / Km / Au / Light Years

The diameter of the S5 0014+81 Black Hole is not conventionally measured due to its nature. Instead, its characteristics are often described in terms of its Schwarzschild radius, which is a theoretical concept related to the size of the event horizon.

S5 0014+81 Black Hole Radius in light years

The S5 0014+81 Black Hole has a radius that corresponds to its Schwarzschild radius, which is approximately 59 light years.

S5 0014+81 Black Hole Location

The S5 0014+81 Black Hole is situated at the center of the quasar S5 0014+81, located in the constellation Ursa Major.

10 Interesting Fun Facts About S5 0014+81 Black Hole

  1. S5 0014+81 is a quasar, an extremely bright and energetic object powered by the accretion of material onto a supermassive black hole.
  2. The black hole in S5 0014+81 is one of the most massive known black holes, contributing to the quasar's extreme luminosity.
  3. Quasars like S5 0014+81 provide valuable information about the early universe and the growth of galaxies.
  4. S5 0014+81 exhibits strong radio emission, indicative of intense activity in its central region.
  5. The name "S5 0014+81" signifies its identification as the 14th object in the fifth survey of strong radio sources.
  6. The quasar is located at a significant redshift, indicating its great distance from Earth.
  7. S5 0014+81 has been extensively studied across various wavelengths, from radio to gamma-rays.
  8. The intense radiation from the quasar can ionize surrounding gas, influencing the properties of its host galaxy.
  9. Quasars like S5 0014+81 are essential for testing models of black hole growth and their impact on galaxy evolution.
  10. Observations of S5 0014+81 contribute to our understanding of the energetic processes occurring near supermassive black holes.

S5 0014+81 Black Hole Distance from Earth in Light Years / Miles / Km

The S5 0014+81 Black Hole is located at a considerable distance from Earth, and specific data is required to provide an accurate answer to this question. Observationally, quasars like S5 0014+81 are often found at cosmological distances, measured in billions of light years.

A Radiant Enigma: OVV Quasar

S5 0014+81 belongs to the exclusive league of OVV (optically violent variable) quasars, a subtype of blazars characterized by their unpredictable and intense variability in optical light. These cosmic powerhouses are active galactic nuclei fueled by the voracious appetite of a central supermassive black hole, converting gravitational energy into luminous brilliance visible across cosmic distances.

Luminosity Beyond Imagination

One of the most distinguishing features of S5 0014+81 is its unparalleled luminosity. With a total luminosity exceeding 10^41 watts, equivalent to an absolute bolometric magnitude of -31.5, this quasar stands as one of the most radiant objects in the observable universe. To put this into perspective, if S5 0014+81 were a mere 280 light-years away from Earth, its energy output per square meter would rival that of our Sun at Earth's distance, despite being a staggering 18 million times farther away.

The quasar's luminosity reaches an astonishing 3 × 10^14 (300 trillion) times that of the Sun, surpassing the combined luminosity of 25,000 Milky Ways. This incredible radiance makes S5 0014+81 a beacon of cosmic energy, visible across vast cosmic distances, despite its colossal distance of 12.1 billion light-years, limiting our study to spectroscopic methods.

Black Hole Feasting

At the heart of S5 0014 Plus 81 resides a supermassive black hole, devouring an astonishing 4,000 solar masses of material annually. This relentless feeding frenzy powers the quasar's luminosity, creating a cosmic spectacle that challenges our understanding of the dynamics governing black hole accretion.

S5 0014+81: A Cosmic Beacon Across the Spectrum

This quasar is not merely a luminous entity; it radiates across the electromagnetic spectrum, from gamma rays and X-rays to radio waves. Its designation, S5, originates from the Fifth Survey of Strong Radio Sources, highlighting its prominence in radio emissions. Additionally, it is cataloged as 6C B0014+8120, acknowledging its inclusion in the Sixth Cambridge Survey of Radio Sources by the University of Cambridge.

Host Galaxy: A Starburst Giant

S5 0014+81's host galaxy is a giant elliptical starburst galaxy, adding another layer of intrigue to this cosmic spectacle. With an apparent magnitude of 24, the host galaxy becomes a backdrop to the cosmic drama unfolding at its center.

Supermassive Black Hole: A Colossus in Cosmic History

Mass Measurement Marvel

In 2009, astronomers using the Swift spacecraft measured the mass of S5 0014+81's supermassive black hole. The results were staggering – approximately 10,000 times the mass of the black hole at the center of our Milky Way. This colossal mass, equivalent to 40 billion solar masses, surpassed the previous record-holder, the black hole of Messier 87, making S5 0014+81 an "ultramassive" black hole.

Cosmic Dimensions

The Schwarzschild radius of this colossal black hole is a mind-boggling 120 billion kilometers, leading to a diameter of 240 billion kilometers or 1,600 astronomical units. To provide context, this diameter is roughly 40 times the radius of Pluto's orbit. The mass equivalence of four Large Magellanic Clouds further emphasizes the colossal nature of this early-universe giant.

Cosmic Youth: A Surprise Discovery

The existence of such a massive black hole merely 1.6 billion years after the Big Bang challenges conventional wisdom. It suggests that supermassive black holes can form rapidly, questioning our understanding of the early universe's cosmic evolution.

A Long Cosmic Odyssey

Based on evolution models derived from the supermassive black hole's mass, S5 0014+81 is predicted to endure for approximately 1.3 x 10^99 years. This colossal lifespan places it near the end of the Black Hole Era, exceeding 10^88 times its current age. The ultimate dissipation via Hawking radiation is a fascinating prospect, marking the end of a cosmic odyssey that began 1.6 billion years after the universe's birth.

Observational Data

  • Constellation: Cepheus
  • Right Ascension: 00h 17m 08.5s
  • Declination: +81° 35' 08"
  • Redshift: 3.366
  • Distance: 3.7 Gpc (1.2 x 10^10 ly)
  • Type: Quasar
  • Apparent Magnitude (V): 16.5

Supermassive Black Hole: A Cosmic Titan Revealed

Mass Measurement Marvels

In 2009, astronomers utilized the Swift spacecraft to unravel the secrets of S5 0014+81's supermassive black hole. The magnitude of their discovery surpassed all expectations, revealing a behemoth approximately 10,000 times the mass of the Milky Way's central black hole. This colossal mass, equivalent to 40 billion solar masses, catapulted S5 0014+81 into the echelons of the most massive black holes known to humanity.

Cosmic Dimensions Unveiled

The sheer dimensions of this supermassive black hole boggle the mind. With a Schwarzschild radius spanning 120 billion kilometers, a diameter of 240 billion kilometers, and a mass equivalent to four Large Magellanic Clouds, S5 0014+81's black hole transcends the boundaries of cosmic imagination. Its existence merely 1.6 billion years post-Big Bang challenges established notions of black hole formation and evolution.

A Glimpse into the Early Universe

The revelation of such a colossal black hole in the early universe, a mere 1.6 billion years after the Big Bang, poses intriguing questions about the rapid formation of supermassive black holes. This discovery reshapes our understanding of the cosmic processes that governed the universe's infancy.

The Cosmic Odyssey Continues

Predictive models based on the mass of S5 0014+81's supermassive black hole extend its cosmic lifespan to approximately 1.3 x 10^99 years. This remarkable longevity places it on the cusp of the Black Hole Era's conclusion, offering a glimpse into the profound cosmic future when it will succumb to the enigmatic process of Hawking radiation.

Observational Insights

Navigating the Cosmos

Situated in the constellation Cepheus, S5 0014+81 reveals its celestial coordinates as 00h 17m 08.5s in Right Ascension and +81° 35' 08" in Declination. Its redshift of 3.366 places it at a colossal distance of 3.7 Gpc (1.2 x 10^10 light-years), allowing us only to explore its mysteries through the lens of spectroscopy.

Quasar Identity

Classified as a quasar, S5 0014+81 exhibits an apparent magnitude (V) of 16.5, making it a discernible feature in the vast cosmic tapestry. Its distinctive features as a hyperluminous quasar contribute to the ongoing quest to comprehend the diverse manifestations of active galactic nuclei.


S5 0014+81, the distant, hyperluminous quasar, invites us to delve into the cosmic mysteries it holds. From its breathtaking luminosity and voracious black hole to its enigmatic early presence in the universe, this cosmic marvel challenges our understanding of the cosmos. As we gaze upon the radiant brilliance of S5 0014+81, we are reminded of the vastness and complexity of the universe, where each celestial discovery unveils a new chapter in the cosmic saga.

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