NGC 1277 Black Hole: Size, Mass, Diameter, Radius, Location, Facts, Distance from Earth

NGC 1277 Black Hole: Size, Mass, Diameter, Radius, Location, Facts, Distance from Earth

NGC 1277 Black Hole

What is NGC 1277 Black Hole

In the vast expanse of the cosmos, NGC 1277, a lenticular galaxy nestled within the Perseus constellation, conceals a celestial anomaly that has captivated astronomers worldwide. At the heart of this cosmic enigma lies a supermassive black hole, defying conventional expectations with its staggering mass and peculiar characteristics.

A Galactic Oddball

Astronomers, peering into the depths of space from a distance of approximately 250 million light-years, stumbled upon NGC 1277's extraordinary secret. This supermassive black hole, with a mass equivalent to 17 billion suns, constitutes an astonishing 14 percent of its host galaxy's total mass, shattering the norm of 0.1 percent observed in typical black holes.

How Old is NGC 1277 Black Hole

The exact age of the NGC 1277 Black Hole is not precisely known, but it is estimated to be around several billion years old.

How Big is NGC 1277 Black Hole

The size of the NGC 1277 Black Hole is characterized by its immense mass and gravitational influence.

NGC 1277 Black Hole Size in Miles / Km

The exact size of the NGC 1277 Black Hole is challenging to determine, as its characteristics are primarily described in terms of mass and gravitational effects rather than physical size.

NGC 1277 Black Hole Solar Mass / Kg / Pounds

The NGC 1277 Black Hole has a mass of approximately 17 billion solar masses, equivalent to approximately 3.38 × 10^40 kg or 7.46 × 10^40 pounds.

NGC 1277 Black Hole Diameter in Miles / Km / Au / Light Years

The diameter of the NGC 1277 Black Hole is not conventionally measured due to its nature. Instead, its characteristics are often described in terms of its Schwarzschild radius, which is a theoretical concept related to the size of the event horizon.

NGC 1277 Black Hole Radius in light years

The NGC 1277 Black Hole has a radius that corresponds to its Schwarzschild radius, which is approximately 37 light years.

NGC 1277 Black Hole Location

The NGC 1277 Black Hole is situated at the center of the galaxy NGC 1277 in the constellation Perseus.

10 Interesting Fun Facts About NGC 1277 Black Hole

  1. NGC 1277 is a lenticular galaxy that gained attention for the exceptionally large black hole in its center.
  2. The black hole in NGC 1277 is considered one of the most massive black holes relative to the size of its host galaxy.
  3. NGC 1277 was discovered by German astronomer Wilhelm Herschel in 1785.
  4. The galaxy is part of the Perseus Cluster, a large galaxy cluster in the constellation Perseus.
  5. The black hole in NGC 1277 makes up about 14% of the galaxy's total mass.
  6. It has been suggested that the black hole in NGC 1277 formed through rapid accretion and multiple mergers.
  7. NGC 1277 is relatively isolated within the Perseus Cluster, with few neighboring galaxies of similar size.
  8. The galaxy's unique properties challenge some existing theories about the co-evolution of galaxies and their central black holes.
  9. Observations of NGC 1277 contribute to our understanding of the role of massive black holes in galaxy evolution.
  10. NGC 1277 is located approximately 220 million light years away from Earth.

NGC 1277 Black Hole Distance from Earth in Light Years / Miles / Km

The NGC 1277 Black Hole is located approximately 220 million light years away from Earth, equivalent to about 1.29 × 10^21 miles (2.07 × 10^21 kilometers).

NGC 1277's Black Hole

Beyond Ordinary Proportions

The dimensions of NGC 1277's black hole are mind-boggling, stretching about 11 times wider than Neptune's orbit around our sun. This celestial giant challenges existing notions about the correlation between a galaxy's central region and the black hole it harbors, sparking profound questions about galactic evolution.

Galactic Evolution Reconsidered

NGC 1277's black hole, potentially the most massive known, prompts astronomers to reconsider established theories of galactic evolution. The typical relationship between a galaxy's central black hole and its size is called into question as NGC 1277 deviates dramatically from the expected proportions.

Unexpected Galactic Kin

Surprisingly, NGC 1277 is not alone in its atypical characteristics. Astronomers have identified five companion galaxies exhibiting similar traits, further perplexing the scientific community. These unforeseen celestial configurations challenge preconceived notions about the intricate interplay between galaxies and their central black holes.

NGC 1277 Black Hole

Property Details
Galaxy Name NGC 1277
Type Lenticular galaxy (S0^+, pec)
Location Constellation: Perseus
Distance from Earth Approximately 220 million light-years
Apparent Magnitude (V) 14.66
Discovery Date December 4, 1875, by Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
Galactic Cluster Perseus Cluster of Galaxies
Black Hole Mass 1.2×10⁹ Solar Masses (estimated)
Black Hole Proportion 59% of the galaxy's bulge mass
Black Hole Characteristics Unusually massive, challenging established correlations
Rotation Curve Anomaly Suggests minimal dark matter presence
Scientific Impact Challenges models of galaxy evolution
Ongoing Research Observations with the WEAVE instrument for further insights

Unraveling Mysteries with Precision

Scientific Scrutiny

To comprehend the magnitude of NGC 1277's revelations, astronomers engaged in a meticulous year-long analysis. Using advanced instruments like the Hobby-Eberly Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope, they meticulously scrutinized the galaxy's stellar kinematics, unveiling unprecedented insights into this cosmic anomaly.

Time Capsule or Cosmic Relic?

NGC 1277's unique composition, comprised solely of ancient stars, raises questions about its origin. With stars dating back 8 billion years, scientists ponder whether this massive black hole is a relic from the early universe, preserving the conditions of galactic and star formation during that epoch.

The Black Hole's Dynamic Identity

Shifting Mass Estimates

NGC 1277's black hole initially stunned astronomers with an estimated mass of 1.7×10¹⁰ solar masses. However, subsequent studies yielded vastly different conclusions, revising the estimate to a range between 2 and 5 billion solar masses. Further investigations, leveraging advanced technologies like adaptive optics, refined the estimate to 1.2×10⁹ solar masses.

A Cosmic Puzzle

The fluctuating mass estimates of NGC 1277's black hole present a cosmic puzzle. The interplay between observational data and theoretical models challenges our understanding of galactic phenomena, pushing scientists to explore alternative explanations for these perplexing findings.

Unveiling New Perspectives

Seeking Clarity in Celestial Oddities

As scientists grapple with the perplexities of NGC 1277's black hole, the cosmic oddities discovered within this galactic anomaly open doors to new perspectives on the relationship between galaxies and their central enigmas.

Cosmic Partner Dance

The identification of five neighboring galaxies sharing similarities with NGC 1277 raises intriguing questions. Are these cosmic partners in an intricate dance with massive black holes, challenging conventional theories of galactic interaction? Exploring these relationships promises fresh insights into the dynamic evolution of galactic structures.

Deciphering Galactic Evolution

Challenging Established Norms

NGC 1277's departure from established norms challenges the conventional wisdom linking a galaxy's central black hole to its overall size. Could this revelation signal a need for a paradigm shift in our understanding of galactic evolution? The scientific community eagerly anticipates unraveling the mysteries shrouded within NGC 1277.

Pseudobulge Revelations

NGC 1277's pseudobulge, a collection of stars formed through a distinct process, introduces a new dimension to the black hole mass discussion. The distinct formation mechanisms of pseudobulges may hold the key to comprehending the atypical mass proportions observed in NGC 1277's black hole.

The Quest for Cosmic Consistency

Scrutinizing Mass Fluctuations

The oscillating mass estimates of NGC 1277's black hole present a challenge for scientists aiming to reconcile observations with theoretical models. As technology advances and observational techniques improve, the quest for cosmic consistency persists, compelling astronomers to refine their understanding of these celestial behemoths.

Unraveling the Early Universe

NGC 1277's ancient stellar composition invites a journey back in time to explore the conditions prevalent in the early universe. Could this galaxy and its supermassive black hole be relics from a bygone era, offering glimpses into the cosmic processes that shaped the cosmos billions of years ago?

The Enigmatic Legacy

Continuation of the Galactic Saga

NGC 1277, with its supermassive black hole at the forefront, becomes a focal point for ongoing astronomical inquiries. The legacy of this galactic saga extends beyond a single anomaly, prompting astronomers to reevaluate existing models and theories to accommodate the unexpected diversity in the cosmos.

A Call for Further Exploration

As astronomers plan new observations with advanced instruments like the WEAVE instrument on the William Herschel Telescope, the cosmic odyssey of NGC 1277's black hole continues to beckon. The search for additional clues, validations, or anomalies promises to shape the future of our understanding of galaxies, black holes, and the intricate dance of cosmic evolution.

A Celestial Odyssey

Charting the Depths of NGC 1277

Welcome to the cosmic odyssey of NGC 1277, a galactic journey where mysteries unfold and challenge our fundamental understanding of the universe. At the heart of this celestial saga lies a supermassive black hole, defying conventional norms and beckoning astronomers to venture into uncharted territories.

The Relic Galaxy Phenomenon

A Glimpse into the Early Universe

NGC 1277, nestled within the Perseus Cluster of galaxies, has earned the moniker "relic of the early universe." Its stars, formed over a 100-million-year interval roughly 12 billion years ago, stand as witnesses to the cosmic ballet that unfolded during the universe's infancy. The burst of stellar formation, exceeding the Milky Way's rate by a factor of 1000, paints a vivid picture of the galaxy's ancient origins.

Puzzling Absence of Dark Matter

Intriguingly, NGC 1277 showcases an unusual rotation curve, suggesting a scarcity of dark matter within its cosmic confines. Recent observations with the Hubble Space Telescope hint at the absence of metal-poor globular clusters, supporting the hypothesis that NGC 1277 might be a relic galaxy. However, the enigma deepens as scientists grapple with explanations for this deviation from expected cosmological models.

The Black Hole Enigma

Unraveling the Black Hole's Secrets

NGC 1277's black hole, initially thought to be one of the largest known in relation to its host galaxy, has sparked debates and revisions in scientific discourse. The journey from an estimated 1.7×10¹⁰ solar masses to a refined value of 1.2×10⁹ solar masses unveils the challenges of probing the cosmic abyss.

Galactic Anomalies and Cosmic Queries

The revelation of NGC 1277's black hole, 17 billion times the mass of the Sun, challenges established correlations between black hole mass and galactic properties. As scientists explore neighboring galaxies with similar characteristics, questions arise: Are these anomalies a cosmic exception, or do they hint at a broader restructuring of our understanding of galactic evolution?

New Horizons in Galactic Exploration

WEAVE Instrument's Gaze

The cosmic odyssey of NGC 1277 propels astronomers into a new phase of exploration. Armed with the advanced capabilities of the WEAVE instrument on the William Herschel Telescope, researchers aim to scrutinize the galactic landscape with unprecedented detail. Will these observations provide clarity to the puzzling absence of dark matter and shed light on the formation mechanisms of massive black holes?

Rethinking Models of Galaxy Evolution

NGC 1277's existence challenges existing models of galaxy evolution. The absence of dark matter and the unique properties of its supermassive black hole force scientists to reconsider the narrative of galactic development. Could this relic galaxy rewrite the cosmic history books and offer a glimpse into the intricacies of the early universe?


NGC 1277's supermassive black hole emerges as a cosmic outlier, defying established norms and reshaping our understanding of galactic dynamics. As astronomers continue to scrutinize this celestial oddity, the mysteries hidden within NGC 1277 beckon, inviting us to unravel the secrets of the cosmos and redefine our comprehension of the universe.

Back to blog