IC 1101 Galaxy: Type, Age, Size, Diameter, Mass, Location, Facts, Distance from Earth

IC 1101 Galaxy: Type, Age, Size, Diameter, Mass, Location, Facts, Distance from Earth

IC 1101 Galaxy

In the vast expanse of the universe lies a celestial giant that captivates astronomers and stargazers alike – IC 1101, a class S0 supergiant lenticular galaxy nestled at the heart of the Abell 2029 galaxy cluster. Join us on a cosmic journey as we delve into the intricacies of this awe-inspiring cosmic phenomenon.

What is IC 1101 Galaxy

IC 1101 Galaxy is a giant elliptical galaxy located in the Abell 2029 galaxy cluster. It is one of the largest known galaxies in the observable universe.

What Type of Galaxy is IC 1101 Galaxy

IC 1101 Galaxy is classified as an elliptical galaxy. Elliptical galaxies are characterized by their ellipsoidal shape and lack of prominent spiral arms.

How old is IC 1101 Galaxy

The age of IC 1101 Galaxy is estimated to be around 13 billion years, roughly the same age as the universe.

IC 1101 Galaxy Size in Light Years

The size of IC 1101 Galaxy is staggering, with an estimated diameter of about 6 million light-years.

IC 1101 Galaxy Diameter in Light Years and Compared to Milky Way

IC 1101 Galaxy has an immense diameter, reaching about 6 million light-years. In comparison, the Milky Way's diameter is approximately 100,000 light-years. This makes IC 1101 much larger than our own galaxy.

IC 1101 Galaxy Mass in Solar Masses

The mass of IC 1101 Galaxy is colossal, and it is estimated to be around 100 trillion solar masses.

IC 1101 Galaxy Location

IC 1101 Galaxy is located in the center of the Abell 2029 galaxy cluster, which is part of the Virgo Supercluster. Its celestial coordinates place it in the northern constellation of Serpens.

10 Interesting Fun Facts about IC 1101 Galaxy

  1. IC 1101 is considered one of the largest galaxies known.
  2. It is situated at the heart of a massive galaxy cluster.
  3. The galaxy cluster Abell 2029, containing IC 1101, is located about a billion light-years from Earth.
  4. IC 1101 has a smooth, featureless appearance typical of elliptical galaxies.
  5. Elliptical galaxies are often formed through mergers of smaller galaxies.
  6. The sheer size of IC 1101 challenges our understanding of galaxy formation.
  7. It is surrounded by numerous smaller galaxies within the Abell 2029 cluster.
  8. IC 1101's enormous mass contributes significantly to the gravitational influence in its cosmic neighborhood.
  9. The galaxy's age provides insights into the early epochs of the universe.
  10. Studying IC 1101 helps astronomers comprehend the role of massive galaxies in the cosmic web.

IC 1101 Galaxy Distance from Earth in Light Years and Miles / Km

IC 1101 Galaxy is located at a distance of about 1 billion light-years from Earth. In miles, this is approximately 5.88e+24 miles (9.46e+24 km) away. The vast distance underscores the challenges of observing and studying objects in the distant universe.

Discovery by William Herschel

Our voyage begins in 1790 when British astronomer William Herschel first laid eyes on IC 1101. Little did he know that his discovery would pave the way for decades of astronomical exploration, unraveling the secrets held by this enigmatic galaxy.

Observation Through the Ages

From the late 1800s to the early 1900s, IC 1101 found its place in the Index Catalogue of galaxies, solidifying its most-used designation. Fast forward to the 1960s, when radio emissions akin to galaxies with diffuse elliptical shapes were detected, marking IC 1101 as a subject of intense study.

In 1978, astronomer Alan Dressler dedicated a paper to IC 1101, shedding light on its dynamics and properties, unveiling a rising velocity dispersion profile. Subsequent decades witnessed in-depth investigations into the galaxy's X-ray emissions, dynamics, and contributions to the broader understanding of galaxy and cluster evolution.

IC 1101

IC 1101 Galaxy Size

The enormity of IC 1101 Galaxy places it among the largest celestial structures ever discovered. With a radius stretching about 2 million light years, this supergiant elliptical galaxy commands attention in the vastness of the cosmos.

IC 1101 Galaxy Diameter

The sheer scale of IC 1101 Galaxy is further emphasized by its impressive diameter, reaching about 4 million light years. This expansive span contributes to its status as one of the largest galaxies known to astronomers.

IC 1101 Galaxy Mass

IC 1101 Galaxy's mass adds a gravitational dimension to its cosmic grandeur. Hosting a staggering 100 trillion stars, this galactic giant showcases the immense accumulations of stellar matter within its celestial expanse.

IC 1101 Galaxy Temperature

Exploring the temperature of IC 1101 Galaxy unveils the dynamic nature of this colossal cosmic entity. Temperature variations within the galaxy contribute to the intricate cosmic processes occurring within its vast boundaries.

IC 1101 Galaxy Distance from Earth

Positioned at an approximate distance of 1.045 billion light years from Earth, IC 1101 Galaxy beckons our curiosity from a cosmic vantage point. This distance accentuates the cosmic expanse that separates us from this astronomical marvel.

IC 1101 Galaxy Type

IC 1101 Galaxy falls under the classification of E/S0 (elliptical to lenticular galaxy). While its exact morphological type is not definitively determined, the debate revolves around its potential elliptical or lenticular nature. This galactic giant, residing in the constellation Virgo, challenges our understanding of galactic classifications.

IC 1101 Galaxy Age

IC 1101 Galaxy: Unveiling the Secrets of Time

IC 1101, a colossal supergiant elliptical galaxy residing in the Virgo constellation, has been a celestial marvel since its discovery in 1790 by astronomer William Herschel. As we peer into the vastness of space, we embark on a journey to uncover the age-old mystery surrounding IC 1101.

IC 1101 Galaxy Number of Stars

Starry Tapestry: Counting the Celestial Gems in IC 1101

At the heart of IC 1101 lies an astronomical spectacle – a staggering 100 trillion stars, adorning the galaxy with unparalleled luminosity. In comparison to our Milky Way, IC 1101's stellar congregation surpasses it by an astonishing magnitude.

IC 1101 Galaxy Planets

Worlds Beyond: The Enigmatic Planetary Realm of IC 1101

While the exact number of planets within IC 1101 remains a cosmic enigma, astronomers believe that this gargantuan galaxy, spanning millions of light years, might host an array of celestial bodies orbiting its countless stars. Unlocking the secrets of IC 1101's planetary systems becomes a tantalizing quest.

IC 1101 Galaxy Facts

IC 1101 Galaxy: Unraveling the Cosmic Chronicles

Delving into the cosmic annals, IC 1101 emerges as a supergiant elliptical galaxy of unparalleled proportions. With a diameter reaching 4 million light years, this cosmic titan dwarfs even the largest known spiral galaxies. The galaxy's sheer size tells a tale of cosmic evolution shaped by a dance of galactic mergers.

  1. Galactic Titan: IC 1101 is a supergiant elliptical galaxy located in the Virgo constellation, standing as one of the largest galaxies known to humankind.
  2. Colossal Dimensions: With a radius of about 2 million light years and a diameter reaching 4 million light years, IC 1101 dwarfs even the largest spiral galaxies, portraying a cosmic grandeur beyond imagination.
  3. Stellar Abundance: Hosting an astronomical tapestry, IC 1101 boasts a mind-boggling 100 trillion stars, outshining our Milky Way with its luminous celestial congregation.
  4. Galactic Classification Debate: While often classified as an elliptical galaxy, there is ongoing debate among astronomers about IC 1101's exact morphological type. Some propose it might have a lenticular structure, resembling a flat disc.
  5. Cosmic Halo: The halo of IC 1101 extends about 2 million light years from its core, solidifying its status as one of the largest galaxies discovered to date.
  6. Galactic Age: Discovered by William Herschel in 1790, IC 1101 has stood as a cosmic enigma for centuries. Its age, a key factor in understanding its evolution, remains a subject of astronomical inquiry.
  7. Galaxy Size Comparison: IC 1101's vastness becomes evident when compared to our Milky Way. If it replaced our galaxy in the Local Group, it would engulf Andromeda, Triangulum, the Magellanic Clouds, and everything in between.
  8. Black Hole Revelation: Recent studies unveiled an exceptionally large core in IC 1101, suggesting the presence of a supermassive black hole at its center. This black hole, cataloged as PKS 1508+059, is among the largest ever detected.
  9. Low Star-Forming Activity: IC 1101's immense size is believed to result from the merging of many smaller galaxies, stripping them of star-forming gas. Consequently, the galaxy exhibits minimal active star formation.
  10. Brightest in the Cluster: IC 1101 is the brightest member of the Abell 2029 galaxy cluster, earning the designation A2029-BCG (brightest cluster galaxy). The cluster itself is one of the densest in the sky, harboring thousands of galaxies enveloped in a colossal cloud of hot gas.

IC 1101 Galaxy Black Hole

Cosmic Vortex: Unveiling the Black Hole at IC 1101's Core

In 2017, a revelation echoed through the cosmos – IC 1101 harbors an exceptionally large core, boasting a size of 2.77 arcseconds. This core, believed to house a supermassive black hole, stands as one of the largest in the observable universe, inviting us to ponder the mysteries of celestial entities that defy comprehension.

IC 1101 Galaxy Black Hole Size

Magnitude Beyond Imagination: Dimensions of IC 1101's Black Hole

The colossal core of IC 1101 unveils its true magnitude, stretching across 13,700 light years – a cosmic leviathan nestled at the heart of this mammoth galaxy. The dimensions of this black hole challenge our understanding of the celestial forces that govern the vast expanses of space.

IC 1101 Galaxy Black Hole Name

PKS 1508+059: The Enigmatic Moniker of IC 1101's Black Hole

At the epicenter of IC 1101, a bright radio source bears the name PKS 1508+059, revealing the likely presence of a supermassive black hole. With an estimated mass of 50 to 70 billion solar masses, this celestial behemoth commands attention as one of the most massive black holes ever observed.

Morphology and Structure

IC 1101's morphological identity has sparked debates, with classifications ranging from supergiant elliptical to lenticular. Imaging by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey reveals a majestic galaxy, possibly shaped like a flat disc when viewed from Earth at its broadest dimensions. The Third Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies (RC3) assigned a morphology of S0- in 1991, adding to the mystery.

Components and Structure Unveiled

As we peer into the core of IC 1101, a mesmerizing dance of metal-rich stars unfolds. Some stars, seven billion years older than our Sun, paint the galaxy in golden hues. At its center lies a bright radio source, indicative of an ultramassive black hole with a mass ranging from 40–100 billion M☉. The galaxy's unique velocity dispersion profile hints at a massive Dark Matter halo, drawing us deeper into its cosmic embrace.

Size: A Galactic Titan

IC 1101's sheer size sets it apart as a colossal cosmic entity. With an isophotal diameter ranging from 123.65 to 169.61 kiloparsecs, the galaxy's extensive, diffuse halo extends over 600 kpc. The Intracluster Light (ICL), composed of free-flying stars not bound to any galaxy, adds to IC 1101's cosmic grandeur.

Distance Conundrum

The distance to IC 1101 has puzzled astronomers, with various methods yielding diverse results. From early calculations in 1980 to recent measurements using modern Hubble constant values, estimates range from 197.1 megaparsecs to 354.0 megaparsecs. The ongoing quest to pinpoint IC 1101's distance fuels astronomical curiosity.

Formation and Evolutionary Enigma

As the central figure in the Abell 2029 galaxy cluster, IC 1101's dominance hints at a history of galactic mergers and interactions. The smoothness of its halo suggests an early formation, a testament to its enduring presence in the cosmic tapestry.

In conclusion, IC 1101 stands as a cosmic masterpiece, inviting us to unravel its mysteries and peer into the depths of our universe. As astronomers continue to gaze at this celestial giant, new revelations are bound to enrich our understanding of the cosmos. Join us in celebrating the majesty of IC 1101, a beacon in the cosmic expanse.

A Core Like No Other

The heart of IC 1101 boasts the largest core size among galaxies, measuring around 4.2 ± 0.1 kpc. This sizable core radius, discovered through meticulous modeling of Hubble Space Telescope images, outshines even prominent galaxies like A2261-BCG. The core's order of magnitude larger dimensions and faint absolute magnitude present a cosmic conundrum.

Dynamics and Twists in the Galactic Tapestry

IC 1101's major axis, stretching from northeast to southwest, aligns with the axis by which Abell 2029 accretes from Abell 2033. This alignment unveils the cosmic ballet within the galaxy cluster. Yet, the galaxy's components exhibit intriguing twists – a halo twisted by 20 degrees from the main body and core. Isophotes, shapes connecting areas with the same surface brightness, showcase predominant boxiness, hinting at the complexity of IC 1101's structure.

Radio Signals and AGN Possibilities

The NRAO VLA sky-survey detected a radio source near IC 1101, opening avenues for speculations about a possible Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN). The presence of another, weaker radio source nearby further fuels the intrigue, raising the tantalizing possibility of a double AGN. These cosmic phenomena add layers to the narrative of IC 1101, turning it into a celestial enigma.

Galactic Halo and Luminosity

Like most Brightest Cluster Galaxies (BCGs), IC 1101 boasts a massive and diffuse stellar halo, adding to its cosmic allure. The halo's twist and excessive light contribute to the galaxy's classification as a lenticular galaxy in the RC3. This unique feature sets IC 1101 apart, making it a stellar gem within the cosmic panorama.

Size Reimagined: A Cosmic Titan

As we redefine our cosmic perspective, IC 1101 emerges as not only one of the largest galaxies but possibly one of the most luminous in the universe. Recent measurements utilizing different methods underscore its colossal size, challenging our understanding of galactic dimensions. The ongoing exploration promises further revelations about this cosmic titan.

Closing Thoughts: A Celestial Odyssey

In our journey through the cosmic marvel that is IC 1101, we've traversed the realms of discovery, morphology, structure, and cosmic puzzles. This supergiant lenticular galaxy continues to beckon astronomers and enthusiasts to delve deeper into its mysteries. As we await the next wave of astronomical revelations, IC 1101 stands as a testament to the boundless wonders of our universe, inviting us to gaze into the cosmic abyss and ponder the intricacies of galactic evolution. Join the celestial odyssey, and let the mysteries of IC 1101 fuel your cosmic curiosity.

Back to blog